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《Teenage Life》Discovering Useful Structures PPT

《Teenage Life》Discovering Useful Structures PPT

发布于:2020-05-25 07:22:15

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《Teenage Life》Discovering Useful Structures PPT下载

第一部分内容:[探究发现]

1.Going from junior high school to senior high school is a really big challenge.

2.The first week was a little confusing.

3.First, I had to think very carefully about which courses I wanted to take.

4.My adviser recommended that I should sign up for advanced literature because I like English and I am good at it.

5.The main purpose of the course is to help improve each student's reading ability.

[我的发现]

(1)1句中_____短语a really big challenge在句中作_____;

(2)2句中_____短语a little confusing在句中作_____;

(3)3句中_____短语very carefully在句中作_____;

(4)4句中_____短语advanced literature在句中作_____;

(5)5句中_____短语The main purpose of the course在句中作_____。

... ... ...

Teenage LifePPT,第二部分内容:分解

一、名词短语(Noun Phrase)

1.名词短语的定义:指以一个名词为中心构成的短语,在句中的功能相当于名词,一般用作主语、宾语、表语或宾语补足语。

2.名词短语的组成:(限定词)+(形容词/形容词短语/描述性名词)+名词+(介词短语)。

3.名词短语中的限定词包括四类:(1)冠词(a/an/the);(2)指示代词(this/that/these/those等);(3)物主代词(my/your/his/her/its/our/their等);(4)不定代词(some/no/neither/both等)。

①This is my first year of college.I'm a freshman.

这是我进入大学的第一年,我是一名大一新生。(冠词+名词)

②That's a really good idea, Jeff.

那真是个很不错的主意,杰夫。(冠词+形容词短语+名词)

③The construction of that big building is completed.

那座大厦落成。 (冠词+名词+介词短语)

④On weekends, he would join in some school activities.

在周末他常常参加一些学校活动。(不定代词+描述性名词+名词)

⑤The author puts forward his suggestions on the contents of the book.

作者对这本书的内容提出了自己的建议。(物主代词+名词+介词短语)

[即时训练1] 完成句子

①__________gave me__________in choosing courses.

学校导师在选课上给了我很多帮助。

②I really don't know__________.

我真的不认识树下的那个女孩。

③He made__________for his study in__________.

他在新学期制订了一个很好的学习计划。

④I recommend that you make__________ .

我建议你制订一个可行的计划。

二、形容词短语(Adjective Phrase)

1. 形容词短语的定义:指以一个形容词为中心构成的短语,在句中的功能相当于形容词,一般用作定语(修饰名词或代词)、表语或宾语补足语。

2. 形容词短语常见有以下几个组合:(1)副词+形容词;(2)副词短语+形容词;(3)副词+形容词+介词短语;(4)形容词+enough。

3.副词enough在修饰形容词构成形容词短语时,一般放在所修饰的形容词的后面。

①I found her a very kind girl.

我发现她是个非常善良的女孩。(副词+形容词)

②It is very exciting to make a new discovery.

有了新发现,这是非常令人激动的。(副词+形容词)

③It's really quite important to have a reasonable work schedule.

有个合理的工作计划的确非常重要。(副词短语+形容词)

④My cousin is very good at playing football.

我表弟很擅长踢足球。 (副词+形容词+介词短语)

⑤You're old enough to travel on the train by yourself.

你长大了,能一个人坐火车旅行了。(形容词+enough)

三、副词短语(Adverb Phrase)

1.副词短语的定义:指以一个副词为中心构成的短语,在句中的功能相当于副词,可以修饰动词、形容词或副词,一般用作状语。

2.副词短语主要有以下几个组合:(1)副词+副词;(2)副词短语+副词;(3)副词+enough。

3.副词enough在修饰副词构成副词短语时,一般放在所修饰的副词后面。

①You've done quite well.

你做得挺不错。(副词+副词)

②Pretty soon, you'll know the result of the matter.

很快你就会知道事件的结果。(副词+副词)

③Jim jumps far too high and no one can match him.

吉姆跳得太高了,没人能比得上他。 (副词短语+副词)

④I do not know her well enough to ask her for help.

我对她不够熟悉不好求她帮忙。(副词+enough)

... ... ...

Teenage LifePPT,第三部分内容:品悟—语境中的语法

A well­known old man NP was being interviewed 采访 and was asked if it was really correct AdjP that he had just celebrated his ninety­ninth birthday NP.“That's very right AdjP,” said the old man NP. “Ninety­nine years old, and I haven't an enemy NP in the world NP.They're all dead.” “Well, sir,” said the interviewer NP, “I hope very much AdvP to have the honour of interviewing you on your hundredth birthday NP.” The old man looked at the young man NP very close AdvP, and said, “I can't see why you shouldn't.You look fit and healthy to me! And aren't you strong enough AdjP?”

注:括号内为加黑短语的分类(NP/AdjP/AdvP)

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